Kartik Krishna 3 Vik Samvat 2069. Yugabda 5114: 1 November 2012

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1.   FESTIVALS: The birthday of Guru Nanak Dev falls on Kartik Poornima, i.e., the full moon day of Kartik, corresponding to November 28 this year. On the eve of the birthday, a procession, Nagarkirtan, is organised, which the Panj Pyaras (five beloved ones) lead carrying the Sikh flag, Nishan Sahib and the Palki (Palanquin) of Sri Guru Granth Sahib. Celebrations of the day commence with Prabhat Pheris going around the localities singing hymns. In the night, all Gurudwaras and Sikh homes are beautifully illuminated, as a part of Prakash Utsav.
2.   VIJAYADASHAMI UDBODHAN OF RSS SARSANGHCHALAK DR. MOHANRAO BHAGWAT, IN NAGPUR ON 24TH OCT. 2012 (Gist): Vijayadasami is the festival of victory. Whole of the nation celebrates it to commemorate the triumph of humanity over savagery, the good over the evil. The day is marked for overcoming limitations imposed on our efficiency and prowess by our own imaginary weaknesses and to assert our valour.
In every field of human life, including science, trade, arts, games, etc. and in the environment of competition prevalent both at the national and the international level, the examples that proclaim the acumen of Bharat, have become quite common nowadays. In spite of this, the minds of people of our entire nation show the sign of anxiety, concern and, at places, even disappointment about the future. The developments during the last one year have accentuated these concerns. The security situation, both internal and at the international borders, still continues to be a matter of concern. The promptness should be exhibited and efforts be seen to address the problems like the inadequacy of latest weapons and ammunitions, technology and other equipments and materials our armed forces require to protect our land, lack of proper roads, transport facilities to move men and material to the frontier posts, and insufficiency in communication network. It is necessary to make fool-proof security arrangements to protect our national boundaries, including the islands and archipelagoes which form part of our territory.
In the present context, our foreign policy and its execution also play a significant role. From this angle, the higher-ups in our administration had, a few years ago, made a much-awaited declaration of “Look East Policy.” All the South East Asian countries have accepted that their basic values and those of Bharat’s national life are the same and until recently and even today, with reference to culture and trade, they were having close relationship with us. So, it was proper on our part to have resolved to establish friendly relationship and cooperation with all these countries. And, of course, the declaration was made with great speed and much enthusiasm. However, the tardy progress at the level of implementation has been most disheartening. The fact that China has entered the arena as a competitor with full force and preparation makes the worry at the low pace of progress on our part all the more confounded. Now we know that China has befriended Pakistan to such an extent that they have given their nuclear technology to Pakistan. And the consequences of China surging ahead of us to establish such strategic relationship with our immediate neighbours like Nepal, Myanmar and Sri Lanka could be imagined from the angle of our national security. Moreover, in all these places people of Bharatiya origin are living in great numbers and to safeguard the interests of these people also, our foreign policy should be oriented in such a way to keep these traditionally friendly countries on our side.
Certain developments with the backing of our own government and administration in the last few years, have added to the worries of the people and created a suspicion in their minds, whether our policies are formulated in the best interests of our nation or not. In Jammu and Kashmir, because of the policies pursued by the government during the last decade, terrorist activities are on a comeback. The areas under Pak-occupation have to be liberated; discrimination shown in administrative and developmental matters in the case of Jammu, Leh–Ladakh and the Kashmir valley should be stopped forthwith and these areas must be made at par with other parts of the country; conditions should be made favourable and secure for those Hindus to come back to the valley with honour, who were forced to flee their home and hearth; persons who took shelter in the state of J & K at the time of partition should be granted state citizenship, but the policies adopted are further complicating the situation.
We have been repeatedly warning against infiltration, smuggling of weapons, narcotics and counterfeit currency notes, etc. through the porous border areas of Assam and Bengal. Northeast Bharat has been facing problems of grave magnitude. The demographic imbalance caused as a result of infiltration has rendered the native population into a minority. The poisonous brew of separatism and terrorism, growing there under the shade of religious conversion on a large scale, is given a new lease of life. The interference by expansionist China is looming large on our northern borders. Terrorist organizations like Al-Qaeda are also trying to get a foothold in the area. In such a situation, the effective presence of our armed forces and the strong morale of the people who have been living there braving the adversities remain the only substratum to ensure the security of our land and people. Before it is too late, we have to change our policies at the earliest. In our north-eastern region as also in other states of Bharat, infiltrators should be identified at the earliest and their names should be deleted from the voters list, and their ration cards, identity cards, etc. should be cancelled and necessary arrangements should be made to send back those infiltrators who are staying in our country illegally. The National Register of Citizens should be prepared in accordance with the clear-cut directions given by the courts, recording the place of birth, place of either parents or grandparents, supported by relevant documentary evidence.
Not only in the Northeast region, but elsewhere also it has been our experience that, whenever either under pressure of public opinion or as directed by the courts, to identify foreign nationals and doubtful voters becomes inevitable, both the government and the administration have, rather than identifying such people, invariably let off the Bangladeshi infiltrators and, at the same time, harassed the harmless Hindu migrants from Bangladesh, who have settled here for long.
For Hindus worldwide, Bharat is the only land they can claim as their fatherland and their sacred land. And wherever Hindus become a minority or ineffective, even the names of such regions get changed. If at all Hindus are forced to flee their land of residence because of persecution, they have no other place to go. So, no Hindu, from wherever he comes here, should be considered a foreigner. Either those who have recently come here from the Sindh, or those who have come from Bangladesh seeking refuge, or such Hindus who have been forcibly and unwillingly made to take refuge here because of the torture or persecution they had to undergo, should get refuge in Bharat with love and respect. Also, it is the responsibility of the Bharat government to play its role effectively to protect the interests of the Hindus all over the world.
One more dimension is there to this sequence. Only for the reason that the infiltrators belonged to their own religion, some quarters come forward to even justify the illegal activities being carried out by them. People from the Northeast, staying in other parts of Bharat, either for education or vocation, were being threatened. The incident that took place at the Azad Maidan in Mumbai, has acquired notoriety. It shows that the anti-nationals who take pride in the desecration of the Amar Jawan Jyothi in Bharat in protest against the action taken by the Myanmar government against Rohingyas, continue to exist here. It is very unfortunate that, in spite of all might and preparedness, those, who allowed a free play of anti-national forces because of their defective polices, are our own people, belonging to our independent nation.
For the last ten years, attempts are being made to insult or weaken the Hindu society either through wrong policies or through deception and subterfuge. Attempts are made to tarnish the image and goodwill of our revered Acharyas by levelling concocted charges against them. Swami Lakshmanananda, who was engaged in serving the vanavasis, was murdered through a premeditated plan and the real perpetrators of the crime are still at large. Misuse and misappropriation of the funds and assets of Hindu temples continue unabated. An atmosphere of suspicion and imputation is being created with an aim to malign or denigrate the Hindu beliefs, traditions or cultural values. Deliberate attempts are being made to raise controversies regarding the funds and assets of Trusts formed by the Hindu saints and the temples like Sri Padmanabhaswami Temple of Thiruvananthapuram.
The very people who swear by democracy, secularism and the Constitution, have introduced reservation based on religion and are advancing the theory that the minorities have the first claim over the national assets. Political alliances are hatched with the avowed aim of launching indirect attack against the Hindu society through love-jihad and religious conversion. As a result, in the mind of the Hindu society that has been living here, practising the national values, naturally there has been a lurking doubt whether the leadership here is representative of them and taking care of their interests and aspirations or not? The dictatorial, materialistic and fundamentalist forces and the forces of rank opportunism that have infiltrated the state governments and the Central government,  are engaged in yet another attempt to vitiate the atmosphere of amity. According to reports, attempts are on to acquire a large plot adjacent to the Ramjanmabhumi so as to construct a big structure for Muslims.
The construction of Ramjanmabhumi Temple is an issue pending before the court. So, making such irresponsible proposal at this juncture will amount to playing with the sentiments of the people and will result in vitiating the atmosphere of amity. Keeping in mind the September 30, 2010 Allahabad high court judgment, the Parliament, in fact, should bring in legislation at the earliest to allow the Ramjanmabhumi Nyas to construct a majestic Ramjanmabhumi Temple, and at the same time ensuring that any construction for the sake of Muslims shall be allowed only  outside the cultural boundaries of Ayodhya . This is the only way to solve the issue amicably, ridding it of all political overtones.
Nowhere in the world, the experience of allowing big companies, through direct foreign investment in the retail sector, has been encouraging. So to allow  foreign companies to enter in a big way in  retail business  by enhancing the limits of foreign direct investment in insurance and pension sectors will, rather than bringing us any profit, ultimately result in loss of income to retailers, less price to our cultivators for their produce, and price rise to consumers. Along with this, it may also pose a threat to our food security.  Whole of the nation is reeling under price rise. The gap between the rich and the poor has ever been increasing, so much so that the problem of inequality has assumed frightening proportions. God alone knows why such half-baked laws are brought in with breakneck speed without any deliberations or discussions. Instead of such so-called reforms what are needed are real reforms. In this field, calls for well-meaning reforms in the electoral system, tax system, internal auditing, penal code are either ignored or suppressed. 
The plan and direction of development currently followed by the world, is the product of a deficient thought and the result is for us to see all over. Moreover, it is being carried out according to the gameplan of rich multinationals to serve their ends. And till such time we redraw our plan with a holistic approach and abreast of the times, taking into account all dimensions of life, according to our ability, necessity and capacity, we will not be able to achieve a balanced development and progress beneficial to all; nor the world will be able to emancipate itself from the incomplete and deceptive life it is presently leading.
Knowing well that corruption is on the rise because of lack of character, Sangh continues to concentrate in its work of character-building. People should be made aware of need to change the system, taking care to ensure that they do not fall a prey to disappointment or develop any aversion for the system. Or else, a situation similar to one developed in the Middle East countries in which fundamentalist and foreign forces had created almost an anarchic situation to serve their interest, would be repeated here. Non-political, lawful and wide social pressure is the only means to eradicate corruption. For its success, we will have to bring about widespread reforms in the educational system, administrative system and the electoral process. Increasing caste feelings and hatred, exploitation and harassment of the deprived sections of the society, the growing instances of harassment of women due to lack of moral values, including among educated sections, rapes, female-fœticide, licentious living, murders and suicides, breaking up of families, growing antisocial activities, stress and depression in life due to loneliness, which were not seen, or only minimal in the society earlier, have become endemic now. And time has come for us to think about system based on our eternal values, suitable to the present times to reorganise the society.
Right from our homes up to the social sphere, are we in a position to project ourselves as the perfect example of purity, lawfulness, discipline, honesty in dealings, sensitivity, etc. that form the practical and necessary ingredients for a solid national life? Let us know the basic fact that every reform starts from our own view of life and behaviour and nothing can be achieved merely through agitations.
Swami Vivekananda was one among the pioneers of Bharatiya renaissance from whom great men like Mahatma Gandhi, had drawn inspiration. In the coming days, the celebrations of his 150th birth anniversary will commence. It is for us to realise his message. The work of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh is to mould individuals filled with these qualities. Then, like the great Ganges rushing towards the sea overcoming all obstacles, the star of good fortune of our nation will start its journey from his horizon to zenith. So, as exhorted by Swami Vivekananda, let us “Arise! Awake! Stop not till the goal is reached!” BHARAT MATA KI JAI.
3.  create value-based society: Shantakka: "Demonic anti-social mentality elements can be eliminated with the help of an organised society. The legendary Goddess Durga is the symbol of this organised power and strength. Time has come for the womenfolk to assume the role of Durga to get rid of all the demonic and evil forces,” said Rashtra Sevika Samiti Pramukh Sanchalika Vandaniya Shantakka in Nagpur speaking at the Vijayadashmi function of the Samiti on Navratri festival. Dr Sharad Nimbalkar, former Vice-Chancellor of Dr Punjabrao Agriculture University was the chief guest. Besides, Samiti’s Vidarbha Prant Karyawahika Sulabha Gaud and Nagpur Vibhag Karyawahika Karuna Sathe were also seated on the dais.
Shantakka Tai, drawing the attention of the audience towards the unwanted image of women being created in the society at present, criticised this trend of looking at the fair sex members as ‘consumer product’. She held the women also responsible to certain extent for this situation.
4.  GLOBALISATION AND BHARATIYA SOCIETY: S. GURUMURTHY – Slamming the UPA Government’s move to allow FDI in multi-brand retail, noted economist S Gurumurthy on October 20, asserted that since the concept of globalisation was ill-conceived, any attempt to universalise financial systems was wrong, which the recent global economic crisis in the countries like the United States of America had proved. In contrast, Gurumurthy said, “In Bharat, our stabilised culture coupled with strong family system has become the defence against globalisation. In fact, we have been able to not only withstand globalisation but also improve the domestic savings.” Gurumurthy was speaking at the inaugural meeting of Swami Vivekananda Study Circle at BJP headquarters in New Delhi.
Quoting from a study of the economic development of different nations from 1750 to 1918 by Paul Byroc, a Belgian economist, he said that in 1750, Bharat was second with 25% of the world GDP in 1750. China was the top country with 33% of world GDP. UK was one of the last with 1.8% of the world GDP, and America with .1% of the world GDP. Bharat went down from 25% in 1750 to 20% in 1800, 17% in 1830, 8% in 1880, and 1.7% in 1900. In just 150 years, the Bharatiya economy, the Bharatiya polity, the Bharatiya society, the Bharatiya civilization crashed. Same thing happened to China. From 33% in 1750, China became 6% in 1900 and in the same period, UK and US which had just 2% between them in 1750, their share went up to 41% in 1900.
Gurumurthy pointed out how the Government’s efforts to promote consumption through huge interest cuts in the last few years have failed because of saving habits of Bharatiyas for their families. “Bharatiya domestic savings rose from 23 per cent of the GDP in the early 1990s to over 35 per cent of GDP now, despite huge interest cuts to promote consumption.”
He cautioned the Government against replicating the concept of globalisation promoted by the US where it boomeranged and transformed it from the biggest investor and lender to the biggest borrower. Gurumurthy charged that those at the helm of affairs in Bharat were borrowing the idea from researchers and economists who never visited or studied its society at the ground level.
“How many of us know that country’s highest per-capita region is not from any of the urban centres of Delhi, Bangalore or Hyderabad but a lesser-known town Morvi in Gujarat where people are engaged in making Ajanta clocks,” he said, underlining that their efforts were not out of results of a university or institute. Rather, they set up the institutes and colleges, he said, to suggest entrepreneurship runs deep in the nation.
“Bharat’s infrastructure investment in the next decade would exceed $1.4 trillion. But, for financing such huge infrastructure requirement, the domestic savings generated by Bharatiya families would suffice and Bharat would not need any FDI,” Gurumurthy said.
5.  Gujarat: Where Villages and Cities grow together: Every village in Gujarat is self-sufficient in drinking water thanks to taking the waters of the Narmada River to every nook and corner of the state. On a sweltering afternoon in mid June, in the Sachivalya, the bureaucrats, including senior officers in the rank of principal secretaries, were off to rural areas to monitor the Kanya Kelavani and Shala Pravesh Mahotsav, the government's massive drive to enroll children in schools. In the next three days, they had to visit 34,000 schools in 18,000 villages. Under Modi, the dropout rate in primary education that was as high 41% has come to under 8%.
The ‘Samras Gram Panchayat’ is the concept of ‘governance through consensus’ instead of conflict as a finer and more successful model of democracy at the grassroot level. A Samras Gram is awarded Rs. 1,50,000 and those Samras Grams with women Panchayats are awarded Rs. 3,00,000. Gujarat has a total of 8044 Samras Grams and 40 of them are women-governed Panchayats.
A village that is crime free for 5 preceding years is classified as a Tirth Gram while a village that is crime free for 3 years is designated as a Paavan Gram. A Tirth Gram gets an award of Rs. 1,00,000 and a Paavan Gram is awarded Rs. 50,000. Today Gujarat has 867 Tirth Grams and 206 Paavan Grams. How villages can become centres of development rising above petty politics is something one must learn from Gujarat. There are 11,000 Nirmal villages in Gujarat due to excellent standards of hygiene and sanitation. Lakhs of women in the state have joined Sakhi Mandals through which they manage financial activities worth more than Rs.1, 000 crore.
Jyoti Gram Yojana made a path breaking contribution in providing 24 hours, 3-phase power supply to the villages. Electricity in Gujarat is no longer restricted to urban areas only. 18,000 villages of Gujarat hosted the annual Krishi Mahotsavs that have deeply enriched the lives of our farmers. 6.5 lakh check dams, farm ponds and bori-bandhs for water conservation have been constructed. A major role was played by the e-Gram Yojana due to which the villages enjoyed continued broadband connectivity. The advantage of this can be seen in multiple fields. It has made grievance redressal much simpler and has brought the people very close to their Chief Minister, Minsters and other Government functionaries.
Chief Minister Narendra Modi gave the nation the concept of ‘Rurban’- the rural spirit with world-class ‘urban’ facilities. It is heartening to see the state work overtime to achieve this.
6.   Cow dung helps restore mining-ravaged soils: USDA:  Cow dung compost helps restore mining ravaged soils, according to a US Department of Agriculture (USDA) research. Thousands of acres of land with little or no vegetation, once mined for lead and zinc, blight parts of southwestern Missouri, southeastern Kansas, northeastern Oklahoma and other parts of the world. The mining activities also leave behind a legacy of lead-contaminated acidic soils, toxic smelter sites and large quantities of mine tailings called "chat." Soil scientists including Paul White at the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Sugarcane Research Unit in Houma, under USDA, wanted to determine whether adding cow manure compost to soil at such sites would provide the carbon needed to support a healthy plant cover, the journal Applied Soil Ecology reported. Two years after the study began, the compost also increased microbial biomass, enzyme activity and nitrification potential, all of which create and support favourable conditions for plant establishment and growth.
High rates of compost also lowered lead and zinc availability by about 90 percent, which may reduce the amount of lead and zinc that could run off and pollute nearby waterways.
Since high levels of bio-available zinc inhibit plant growth, this binding action also helps to promote the establishment of a vegetative cover that minimizes runoff and soil erosion.
SHRI VISHWA NIKETAN: Visitors: Rajesh and others - Myanmar, Gyaneshwar Dayal – Germany. Pravaas: Shyam Parande - Secretary, Sewa International to visit UK and European countries of Finland, Norway during Nov - Dec.
FOOD FOR THOUGHT: Hindavi Swaraj- the words, ‘Hindavi Swaraj’, coming from the pen of Shivaji himself, reveals, as nothing else could have done, the very soul of the great movement that stirred the life and activities of Maharashtra for a hundred years and more. Even in the inception, the Maratha rising was neither a parochial nor a personal movement altogether. It was essentially a Hindu movement in the defence of Hindu Dharma for overthrow of the alien Muhammadan domination, for the establishment of an independent, powerful Hindu Empire – Vinayak Damodar Savarkar.

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tckc nks% ys[k ds vkjaHk esa gh eSaus dgk gS fd] bl fo"k; ij fy[kus dk esjk fopkj ugha FkkA ysfdu 25 vDVwcj dks rhu pSusy ds izfrfuf/k eq>ls feyus ?kj vk;s FksA igys ^bZ Vh oh* okys vk;s] fQj ^vkt rd* ds vkSj var esa ^,u Mh Vh oh* dsA lc dss iz’u xMdjh ij yxs vkjksiksa ds ckjs esa FksA ^,u Mh Vh oh* ds izfrfuf/k ds vkus rd eq>s] vk;dj foHkkx dh tk¡p 'kq: gksus dh tkudkjh ugha FkhA og tkudkjh mUgksaus nhA eSaus dgk] gks tkus nks tk¡pA ljdkjh daiuh foHkkx tk¡p djsxk] ,slh tkudkjh feyus ds ckn xMdjh ykirk ugha gq, ;k mUgksaus ekSu Hkh /kkj.k ugh fd;kA mUgksaus dgk] vo’; tk¡p djksA o
eq>ls iwNs x, iz’u% nwjn’kZu pSuy okyksa us eq>ls tsBeykuh ds oäO; ds ckjs esa Hkh iz’u iwNsA eSus dgk] ^^;g mudk O;fäxr er gSA ,slk er j[kus vkSj mls izdV djus dk mUgsa vf/kdkj gSs] ysfdu xMdjh R;kxi= nas] ,slk ikVhZ dk er gksxk] ,slk eq>s ugha yxrkA xMdjh }kjk fdlh Hkh tk¡p ds fy, rS;kjh fn[kkus ij Lo;a vkMok.kh us mudh iz’kalk dh gS( vkSj Hkktik esa tsBeykuh dh vis{kk] vkMok.kh ds er dk vf/kd ot+u gSA Jherh lq"kek Lojkt us Hkh] ,slk gh dgk gSA**
nwljk iz’u iwNk x;k fd] bu vkjksiksa ds dkj.k] xMdjh dk nqckjk ikVhZ v/;{k cuuk dfBu gqvk gS\ eSusa mÙkj fn;k] ^^e>s ,slk ugha yxrkA viuh ikVhZ dk lafo/kku dSlk gks] mlesa dc vkSj D;k la’kks/ku fd, tk;¡] ;g ml ikVhZ dk viuk ekeyk gS( vkSj lafo/kku la’kks/ku] ;g D;k dksbZ vuks[kh ckr gS\ gekjs ns’k ds egku~ fo}kuksa }kjk rS;kj fd, gekjs lafo/kku esa xr 65 o"kkZsa esa lkS ls vf/kd la’kks/ku gq, gSaA igyk la’kks/ku rks lafo/kku ikfjr djus ds ,d o"kZ ls Hkh de le; esa gh djuk iM+k FkkA Hkktik us vius lafo/kku esa la’kks/ku fd;k vkSj xMdjh ds iqu% v/;{k cuus dk jkLrk iz’kLr fd;k] blesa vU; fdlh ds }kjk vk{ksi ysus dk D;k dkj.k gS\ vkSj ;g lafo/kku la’kks/ku dsoy jk"Vªh; v/;{k ds fy, gh ugha] lc inkf/kdkfj;ksa ds fy, gSA**
cnukeh esa gh fnypLih% eSaus ;g Hkh dgk fd] vkidks tks dqN vO;kogkfjd yxrk gS mldk laca/k Bsdsnkj EgSldj ls gSA fdlh us dgk gS fd] xyr irs fn;s gaSA eSaus iwNk] D;k iwfrZ m|ksx us xyr irs fn;s gSa\ fQj EgSldj dh tk¡p djksA ysfdu bleas yksxksa dh fnypLih ughaA fnypLih xMdjh dks cnuke djus esa gSA vkSj blhfy, ;g lc HkkxnkSM+ py jgh gSA izdkf’kr gq, lekpkjksa ls irk pyk gS fd] EgSldj dh daiuh us iwfrZ m|ksx lewg dks 164 djksM+ #i;s dtZ fn;kA ml ij 14 izfr’kr C;kt yxk gSA iwfrZ m|ksx ml dtZ esa ls 80 djksM+ #i;ksa dk Hkqxrku] C;kt ds lkFk dj pqdk gSA ;g dtZ 2009 esa fn;k x;k gSA ;fn ,slk eku yas fd] xMdjh us lkoZtfud fuekZ.k ea=h jgrs le; EgSldj dks mid`r fd;k FkkA ysfdu xMdjh dk ea=h in 1999 esa gh pyk x;kA ml xBca/ku dh ljdkj gh ugha jghA 13 o"kZ rd mu rFkkdfFkr midkjksa dh ;kn j[kdj EgSldj us ;g dtZ fn;k] ,slk ftls ekuuk gS] og ekusA ysfdu esjs tSls lkekU; cqf) ds euq"; dks rks blesa dksbZ lkBxk¡B ugha fn[krhA
la?k ds laca/k esa% fQj eq>ls la?k ds laca/k esa iz’u iwNk x;kA bl ckjs esa la?k dks D;k yxrk gS\ eSaus mÙkj fn;k] ^^blesa la?k dks dqN yxus dk iz’u gh dgk¡ gS\ Hkktik viuh nqdku ns[kus esa l{ke gSA Lok;Ùk gSA ikVhZ dks tks mfpr yxsxk] og fu.kZ; ysxh**A bl iz’u dh i`"BHkwfe] 'kk;n 24 vDVwcj ds ^bafM;u ,Dlizsl* esa izdkf’kr lekpkj dh gks ldrh gSA ml lekpkj esa dgk x;k gS fd] 2 vkSj 4 uoEcj dks psUUkbZ esa la?k ds vf[ky Hkkjrh; dk;Zdkjh eaMy dh cSBd gS] mlesa bl ekeys dh ppkZ gksxhA dk;Zdkjh eaMy dh cSBd dc vkSj dgk¡ gS] bldh eq>s tkudkjh ugha FkhA ysfdu eq>s ;g fuf’pr yxrk gS fd] ml cSBd esa bl ekeys dh ppkZ gksus dk dkj.k ughaA rFkkfi la?k dks bl fookn esa yisVs fcuk] dqN yksxksa dk lek/kku ugha gksxkA xq#okj dks t+h pSuy ds izfrfuf/k us nwjHkk"k dj] eq>s egkjk"Vª izns’k dk¡xzsl ds v/;{k ekf.kdjko Bkdjs }kjk la?k ij yxk, vkjksiksa dh tkudkjh nhA eSaus lk;adky lkr cts lákfnz pSuy ds lekpkj lqusA muesa ekf.kdjko ds vkjkiksa dk lekpkj FkkA Bkdjs dk vkjksi gS fd] xMdjh lkoZtfud fuekZ.k ea=h Fks] ml le; mUgksasus] la?k ds dk;kZy; ds Hkou ds fy, iSls fn;sA la?k ds dk;kZy; dk dkSu lk Hkou\ ;g Bkdjs us ugha crk;kA D;ksafd os crk gh ugha ldrsA la?k dk;kZy; dk tks Hkou egky Hkkx esa gS vkSj tks MkW- gsMxsokj Hkou ds uke ls izfl) gS] mldk fuekZ.k 1946 esa gh iw.kZ gks x;k FkkA ml le; xMdjh dk tUe Hkh ugha gqvk FkkA 'kk;n ekf.kdjko dk Hkh ugha gqvk gksxkA fQj bl iqjkus Hkou dh dqN iqujZpuk dh xbZA og 2006 esaA ml le; xMdjh dgk¡ ea=h Fks\ jsf’keckx dk u;k fuekZ.k dk;Z xr ,d&nks o"kkZsa dk gSA Bkdjs izns’k dk¡xzsl desVh ds v/;{k tSls ftEesnkjh ds in ij gaS( mudk vDy dk ,slk fnokfy;kiu fn[kkuk Bhd ughaA gk¡] la?k dks Hkh bl fookn esa ?klhVus dk mudk] eryc dk¡xzsl dk iz;kl gks ldrk gSA ysfdu ;g lQy ugha gksxkA la?k dks iSlk dkSu nsrk gS] ;g ukxiqj ds lehi ;oreky esa ftanxh xqtkjus okys ekf.kdjko dks irk ugha gksxk] rks mudh ew<+rk ij n;k djuk gh mfpr gSA mUgsa mÙkj nsuk fujFkZd gSA
rkRi;Z% Hkkjr ljdkj us xMdjh ij yxs vkjksiksa ds lanHkZ esa tks rRijrk fn[kkbZ] oSlh gh o