\SAMVAD श्री विश्व निकेतन SHRI VISHWA NIKETAN
Dwitiya Jyestha Shukla 3, Vik.Samvat 2075, Yugabda 5120: 16 June 2018
1. FESTIVALS: Aashaadhasya Pratham Divase (On the first day of Aashaadha) corresponding to July 13 this year as per Hindu calendar with Amavasyant month: The month of Aashaadh in Bharatiya calendar, the beginning of rainy season is the harbinger of prosperity. Great Samskrit poet Kalidas has immortalized the first day of the month in his famous poem ‘Meghadoota’ by inspiring the separated yaksha, cursed by his employee Indra, to depute a sporting elephant to take his message to his wife living in Alakaanagari.
Famous Rath Yatra at Jagannath Puri takes place on the second day of the Shukla Paksh of this month. Ashaadh Poornima (July 27 this year) is celebrated as Guru Poornima or Vyas Poornima when the disciples pay their respect to their teachers, the Gurus.-GoTop
2. NATION, NATIONALISM AND PATRIOTISM: Poorva Rashtrapati Pranab Mukherjee’s speech to Truteeya Varsha Prashiksharthis in Nagpur on June 7: Today, I am here to share with you my understanding of the concepts of Nation, Nationalism and Patriotism in the context of India that is Bharat.
These three concepts are so closely intertwined that it is difficult to discuss any one of them in isolation.
2. Let us make a beginning by understanding the dictionary meaning of these three words. Nation is defined as ‘a large group of people sharing the same culture, language or history and inhabiting a particular state or area’. Nationalism is defined as ‘identification with one’s own nation and support of its interests especially to the exclusion of interests of other nations’. Patriotism is defined as ‘devotion to and vigorous support for one’s country’.
3. Let us look at our roots, India was an open society, globally connected along the Silk and Spice Routes. These busy highways of commerce and conquest witnessed a free exchange of culture, faith and invention as merchants, scholars and sages, traversed mountain and desert, and sailed the oceans. Buddhism reached Central Asia, China and Southeast Asia together with Hindu influences’. Ancient travelers like Megasthenes in the 4th century B.C. Fa Hien in the 5th century A.D. and Hiuen Tsang in the7th century AD; when they came to India, wrote about the efficient administrative systems with planned settlements and good infrastructure. Takshashila, Nalanda, Vikramashila,Valabhi, Somapura and Odantapuri comprised the ancient university system that dominated the world for 1,800 years beginning the sixth century BCE. They were magnets for the finest minds and scholars in the world. In the liberal environment of these institutions creativity found full form and art, literature and scholarship flourished. Chanakya’s Arthashastra, an authoritative text on state-craft was also written during this period.
4. India was a state long before the concept of the European Nation State gained ground after the Treaty of Westphalia in 1648. This model of a defined territory a single language, shared religion and a common enemy - is the model which led to the formation of various nation states in Europe. On the other hand Indian Nationalism emanated from “Universalism” the philosophy of Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam and Sarve Bhavantu Sukhinah, Sarve Santu Niramayah. We see the whole world as one family and pray for the happiness and good health of all. Our national identity has emerged through a long drawn process of confluence, assimilation, and co-existence. The multiplicity in culture, faith and language is what makes India special. We derive our strength from tolerance. We accept and respect our pluralism. We celebrate our diversity. These have been a part of our collective consciousness for centuries. Any attempt at defining our nationhood in terms of dogmas and identities of religion, region, hatred and intolerance will only lead to dilution of our national identity. Any differences that may appear are only on the surface but we remain a distinct cultural unit with a common history, a common literature and a common civilization. In the words of the eminent historian Vincent Smith, “India beyond all doubt possesses a deep underlying fundamental unity, far more profound than that produced either by geographical isolation or by political superiority. That unity transcends the innumerable diversities of blood colour, language, dress, manners, and sect.
5. If we take a quick look at history the emergence of the Indian State can be traced back to the sixteen Mahajanapadas mostly spread across Northern India in the 6th century BC. In the 4th century BC, Chandragupta Maurya defeated the Greeks to build a powerful empire comprising of North Western and Northern India. Emperor Ashoka was the most illustrious ruler of this dynasty. After the collapse of the Mauryan Dynasty, the empire broke into small kingdoms around 185 BC. Gupta Dynasty again created a vast empire which collapsed around 550 AD. Many dynasties ruled till 12th century when Muslim invaders captured Delhi and successive dynasties ruled for the next 300 years. Babur defeated the last Lodhi King in 1526 at the First Battle of Panipat and firmly established Mughal rule which continued for 300 years. The East India Company after winning the Battle of Plassey in 1757, and the Three Battles of Arcot (1746-63) brought a vast territory in East and South of India under its control. A large part of western region was also annexed to the company’s territory and to administer these territories, a modern form of government was established in 1774. To administer these territories the office of Governor General at fort William, Calcutta and two sub-ordinate governors at Madras and Bombay were created. For nearly 140 years, Calcutta was the centre of British Authority in India. However, the responsibility of administration was taken away from the East India Company in 1858 and the Secretary of State for India was appointed in the British Cabinet to super intend the Indian Administration.
6. Throughout this period of 2500 years of changing political fortunes and conquests, the 5000 year old civilizational continuity remained unbroken. In fact, each conqueror and each foreign element had been absorbed to form a new synthesis and unity. Tagore in his poem ‘Bharat Teertha’ says and I quote “………… No one knows at whose beckoning call how many streams, of humanity came in indomitable waves from all over the world, over the millennia and mingled like rivers into this vast ocean and created an individual soul that is called Bharat”.
7. The concept of Modern Indian State found frequent articulation by various Indian organizations including the Indian National Congress towards the end of nineteenth century. Starting with Shri Surendranath Banerjee in 1895 at Pune, all Congress Presidents gave a call for an Indian Nation comprising the territorial areas of British India and the territories of 565 princely states. When Bal Gangadhar Tilak gave voice to the phrase coined by Barrister Joseph Baptista “Swaraj is my Birth right and I shall have it”, he referred to Swaraj for the Indian People - encompassing various castes, creeds, and religions spread across British India and Princely States. This Nation and Nationalism was not bound by geography, language, religion, or race. As Gandhiji explained Indian nationalism was not exclusive, nor aggressive nor destructive. It was this Nationalism that Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru so vividly expressed in the ‘Discovery of India’, and I quote “ I am convinced that Nationalism can only come out of the ideologist fusion of Hindu, Muslim, Sikh and other groups in India. That does not mean that extinction of any real culture of any group, but it does mean a common national outlook, to which other matters are subordinated”. In the process of our movement against British Rule, the various anti-colonial, anti-British and mostly progressive movements across the length and breadth of the country were unified into a cohesive national struggle for freedom, keeping the feeling of patriotism above their individual, ideological and political leanings.
8. We won independence in 1947. Thanks to the efforts of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the Princely States merged leading to the consolidation of India. The complete integration of Provincial and Princely States took place after the formation of states on the recommendation of States Reorganization Commission.
9. On 26 January, 1950, the Constitution of India came into effect. In a remarkable display of idealism and courage, we the people of India gave to ourselves a sovereign democratic republic to secure for all its citizens justice, liberty and equality. We undertook to promote among all citizens fraternity, the dignity of the individual and the unity of the nation. These ideals became the lodestar of the modern Indian State. Democracy became our most precious guide towards peace and regeneration from the swamp of poverty created by centuries of colonial rule. For us, Democracy is not a gift, but a sacred trust. The Indian Constitution, consisting of 395 articles and 12 schedules, is not merely a legal document but a Magna Carta of socio-economic transformation of the country. It represents the hopes and aspirations of the billion plus Indians. From our constitution flows our nationalism. The construct of Indian nationalism is ‘Constitutional Patriotism’, which consists of an appreciation of our inherited and shared diversity; a readiness to enact one’s citizenship at different levels; the ability to self correct and learn from others.
I want to share with you some truths that I have internalized during my fifty year long public life, as a Parliamentarian and Administrator.
10. The soul of India resides in pluralism and tolerance. This plurality of our society has come through assimilation of ideas over centuries. Secularism and inclusion are a matter of faith for us. It is our composite culture which makes us into one nation. India’s Nationhood is not one language, one religion, one enemy. It is the ‘Perennial Universalism’ of 1.3 billion people who use more than 122 languages and 1600 dialects in their everyday lives, practice 7 major religions, belong to 3 major ethnic groups - Aryan, Mongoloids, and Dravidians live under one system, one flag and one identity of being ‘Bharatiya’ and have ‘No Enemies’. This is what makes Bharat a diverse and united nation.
11. In a democracy, informed and reasoned public engagement on all issues of national importance is essential. A dialogue is necessary not only to balance the competing interests but also to reconcile them. Divergent strands in public discourse have to be recognized. We may argue, we may agree, or we may not agree. But we cannot deny the essential prevalence of multiplicity of opinion. Only through a dialogue can we develop the understanding to solve complex problems without an unhealthy strife within our polity.
12. Peaceful co-existence, compassion, respect for life, and harmony with nature from the foundation of our civilization. Every time a child or woman is brutalized, the soul of India is wounded. Manifestations of rage are tearing our social fabric. Every day, we see increased violence around us. At the heart of this violence is darkness, fear, and mistrust. We must free our public discourse from all forms of violence, physical as well as verbal. Only a non-violent society can ensure the participation of all sections of people in the democratic process, especially the marginalized and the dispossessed. We must move from anger, violence, and conflict to peace, harmony, and happiness.
13. Happiness is fundamental to the human experience of life. To lead healthy, happy and productive lives is the basic right of our citizens. While we have done well on our economic growth indicators, we have fared poorly on the World Happiness Index. We rank 133 out of the 156 countries mapped in the World Happiness Report 2018. Kautilya’s shloka from Arthashastra, inscribed near lift No.6 in Parliament House says:
Prajasukhesukham rajah Prajanam cha hithe hitham
Nathmapriyamhitham rajah prajanamthupriyamhitham
In the happiness of the people lies the happiness of the king, their welfare is his welfare. He shall not consider as good only that which pleases him but treat as beneficial to him whatever causes happiness to all people. Kautilya points out in this shloka very succinctly that the State is for the people. People are at the centre of all activities of the state and nothing should be done to divide the people and create animosity among them. The aim of the state should be to galvanize them to fight a concerted war against poverty, disease and deprivation and to convert economic growth into real development with the objective of spreading Peace, Harmony and Happiness inform the formulation of our public policy and guide all the actions of our state and citizens in their everyday life. This and only this will be able to create a happy nation, where Nationalism flows automatically.-GoTop
3. UPARASHTRAPATI M. VENKAIAH NAIDU says he felt proud of his association with the RSS: "From my association with the RSS, I can assure you all that the RSS is all about self-discipline, self-respect, self-defense, self-reliance, social reform, social consciousness, social movement, selfless service, all guided by the philosophy of supremacy of the nation," said Uparashtrapati M Venkaiah Naidu while delivering the 8thNanaji Deshmukh Memorial Lecture in New Delhi on June 1.
"Even Mahatma Gandhiji had acknowledged the positive values propounded by RSS," Naidu said while referring to Gandhi's visit to a RSS camp in the 1930s. The country needs selfless leaders like Nanaji at the grass root level to inspire and empower each citizen to become a proud partner in Bharat’s progress, added Uparashtrapati.
Uparashtrapati said that the civil society has a critical role to play in societal transformation, in heightening awareness, changing the behavior and attitudes to achieve a better quality of life.
Nanaji faced hardships during his childhood and his zeal for education made him to sell vegetables and raise money to realize his objectives. This struggle and urge to bring light into the lives of people in rural areas inspired him to take up social work, Naidu said. -GoTop
4. Narendra Modi unveils Gandhi’s plaque, VISITS HINDU, BUDDHIST TEMPLES, MOSQUE IN SINGAPORE: Pradhan Mantri Narendra Modi and Singapore’s former premier Goh Chok Tong on June 2 jointly unveiled a plaque to pay tribute at the immersion site of Mahatma Gandhi’s ashes at Clifford Pier in the city-state. Modi, during his three-day tour of Singapore, visited Sri Mariamman Temple and participated in prayers. Sri Mariamman is the oldest Hindu temple in the country. Modi also visited Chulia mosque which was built by Chulia Muslim merchants from Bharat's Coromandal Coast under the leadership of Anser Sahib. After the mosque, Modi visited the Buddha Tooth Relic Temple and Museum. He also unveiled the Kala Sangam, a permanent platform established by High Commissioner of Bharat, Singapore and Indian Heritage Centre, Singapore to bring Bharatiya artisans to Singapore to demonstrate the craft make and sell their products. He also visited the Changi Naval Base and met officers and sailors of the Bharatiya Navy and Royal Singapore Navy. -GoTop
5. KARGIL MARTYR’S SON JOIN DAD’S BATTALION: Hitesh kumar was just six years old when his father, a lance naik in the 2nd Battalion of Rajputana Rifles, was killed at Tololing, in Kargil, on the night of June 12, 1999. When he heard the news, he swore that when he grew up, he would join the Army.
Almost exactly 19 years later, Hitesh has been commissioned as a lieutenant in the Bharatiya Army after passing out from the Indian Military Academy in Dehradun on 12th June.
Not just that, he will be serving in the same battalion as his father. Shortly after the passing out parade, Hitesh paid tribute to his deceased father, Bachan Singh, at the latter’s memorial in the Civil Lines area of Muzaffarnagar.
There is nothing more I could ask for,” said a tearful Kamesh Bala, Hitesh’s mother, at the memorial to the Kargil martyr. -GoTop
6. Media should educate masses about bharatiya Values: Arun Kumar: Underlining the role of media in the overall development of the society, Akhil Bhartiya Prachar Pramukh of RSS, Arun Kumar said all the stakeholders in media should give a thought on the existing pattern of content generation and consumption. He was speaking at the Vishwa Samvad Kendra Nagpur’s Narad Jayanti programme on June 1. Commenting on the emergence of social media, Kumar stated that internet driven platforms have redefined the structure of traditional media.
Senior Journalist Avinash Mahalakshme, Nandu Andhare, and Pravin Mudholkar were honored with the awards for their contribution in the field of journalism. Prabhakar Karpe and Sushma Pachpore were also feted for their long association with Vishwa Samvad Kendra. -GoTop
7. 2000 BC CHARIOTS SET TO REDEFINE MAHABHARATA AGE: Some 60 km drive from Delhi, at Sanauli in Uttar Pradesh’s Baghpat, the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) has stumbled upon “royal burials” with remains of chariots dating 2000BC-1800BC.
The first-of-its-kind findings in the Bharatiya sub-continent dating back to the Bronze Age suggest that people of that era belonged to the warrior class and were living a highly sophisticated lifestyle.
The other noteworthy finds were four copper antenna swords, two daggers, seven channel-like objects, shield, comb, mirror, torch, hundreds of small cylindrical paste beads, steatite beads and triangle and rectangular inlays, semiprecious and gold beads, etc. The excavations at the Sadiqpur in Sanauli are the extension of the ASI’s excavation in 2005 when around 116 graves belonging to Indus Valley Civilization were found. These graves, dated 2200-1800 BC, were a fairly recent addition to the list of Indus Valley Civilization sites in Bharat. -GoTop
8. RUPEES 20 MILLION FOR EXPANSION OF KRISHAN TEMPLE IN PAKISTAN: The Punjab province government in Pakistan has released Rs 20 million for renovation and expansion of a Krishna temple in Rawalpindi city in an effort to ensure accommodation of more Hindu worshippers on festivals and during religious events. The work for the makeover of the only functioning Hindu temple in the twin cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad is expected to begin soon.
The temple was built by Kanji Mal and Ujagar Mal Ram Rachpal in 1897 to serve the people in nearby areas. However, following the partition, the street temple in Saddar became the only place of worship for Rawalpindi’s Hindus. It was later reopened in 1949 and was run by the local Hindus before being handed over to the ETPB in 1970.-GoTop
9. Showcasing of Bhagavata-Purana by San Diego Museum of Art: The San Diego Museum of Art (SDMA) is presenting “Epic Tales from Ancient India” exhibition of over 90 world-renowned paintings of 16th-19th centuries from June nine through September three. It includes depictions from Hindu texts Bhagavata-Purana and Ramayana, and Ragamala.
The exhibition also includes an interactive performance space to bring the narratives to life through hands-on workshops, musical performances, dance, educational storytelling and more. Activities associated with this exhibition include collaborative rangoli, lecture by a Swami, Navarasa Dance Theater, Bharatiya miniature paintings workshop, henna painting, Bharatiya traditional puppet making, Bharatiya dances, Bharatiya films, etc. -GoTop
10. Sri Krishnan Temple in singapore re-sanctified after $4 million restoration: Some 10,000 devotees attended the consecration ceremony called MahaSamprokshanam on June 3. Waterloo Street was filled with the beating of drums and the patter of barefoot dancers on 3rd June morning as the Sri Krishnan Temple was unveiled in its fully restored glory after four years of works costing almost $4 million. The 148-year-old Hindu temple, one of the oldest in Singapore, was re-sanctified in a consecration ceremony called MahaSamprokshanam, done every 12 to 15 years. The Minister of Communications and Information S.
Iswaran said the temple shows how Singaporeans share in one another's beliefs and culture, leading to a sense of community and mutual respect. -GoTop
11. BHARATIYA American NGO Community Seva Opens New Kitchen to Serve Meals to Homeless in Silicon Valley: Community Seva, a non-profit organization founded in 2013 by Bharatiya American Nathan Ganeshan, reached a watershed moment on June 2 morning, as local politicians and volunteers gathered to cut the ribbon on a new kitchen in San Jose, Calif., which will serve about 1,200 meals every weekend to the Silicon Valley’s fast-growing homeless population. California state Assembly member Ash Kalra said: “At the local and state level, we are doing everything we can to increase the supply of affordable housing and transitional housing for our homeless community.”About 7,500 people are currently homeless in the Silicon Valley, according to data released last year by Santa Clara County. From its new kitchen – located inside a community center in San Jose – Community Seva will serve breakfast, lunch, and dinner on Saturdays and Sundays to seven homeless shelters. Each meal – known as a Seva – is sponsored by a community member at a cost of $2 to $3 per plate, and cooked by Community Seva’s team of more than 1,500 volunteers. Volunteers and meal sponsors also serve the food at the shelters. -GoTop
12. QS rankings 2019: IIT-Bombay, IIT-Delhi, IISc feature in top-200 in World University Rankings: IIT-Bombay and IIT-Delhi are in the top 200 QS World University Rankings 2019. Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore, too, features on the list. The number of Bharatiya universities in the top 1,000 increased from 20 to 24. The Indian Institute of Science too has overtaken IIT-Delhi and is now ranked 170.Globally, Massachusetts Institute of Technology remains the top university for the seventh consecutive year. QS ranks the world’s top 1,000 universities, across 85 countries. With this year’s rankings, the five first IITs and the IISc are now in the top 500.
Indian Institute of Science (IISC) Bangalore secured the top spot in the country and the 13th position amongst emerging economies. Savtribai Phule Pune University sat at position 180. Bharat was the second most represented nation after China, with 42 institutes making it to the list of top 350 institutes from four continents. In 2017, only 27 institutes were on the list. -GoTop
13. India is very important inspiration: United Nations chief Antonio Guterres: "India played a very important role in shaping the Sustainable Development Goals. And even before the Goals were crystallized, India's own development efforts and vision reflected many of the same priorities and aspirations. India is, for all of us, a very important inspiration," Guterres has said in his remarks to an event marking the first anniversary of the Bharat-UN Development Partnership Fund."The Fund shows the further deepening of South-South cooperation, an increasingly valuable dimension of our work for development," the Secretary General said.
Bharat's permanent representative to the UN Syed Akbaruddin said that from the first project of a million dollars, the annual contribution and portfolio of projects has multiplied several times within the first year of the fund's operation.-GoTop
14. UK Sikh soldier first to wear turban to queen’s birthday: Prince Harry and his new wife, the former actress Meghan Markle, joined the pageantry of the annual Trooping the Colour ceremony on 9th June in London to celebrate Queen Elizabeth II’s official birthday. But one guardsman stood out: Charanpreet Singh Lall, a 22-year-old Sikh from Leicester, who wore a black turban. It marked the first time a member of the Coldstream Guards took part wearing a turban — and Lall hoped it wouldn’t be the last.
“I hope that people watching, that they will just acknowledge it and that they will look at it as a new change in history,” said Lall, who was born in Punjab, Bharat, and moved to the UK as a baby. “I hope that more people like me, not just Sikhs but from other religions and different backgrounds, that they will be encouraged to join the Army. -GoTop
15. Exoplanet find that put BHARAT in select league: In the universe of never-ending stars, planets and galaxies, Bharat has made a place for itself by discovering a sub-Saturn or super-Neptune sized planet, which is about 27 times the mass of Earth and measures six times its radius. With this discovery, the country has joined a select league of countries, which has discovered planets around stars. A team of scientists at Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), Ahmadabad, discovered the planet, which revolves around a sun-like star some 600 light years away, by measuring the mass of the planet using the indigenously designed PRL Advance Radial-velocity Abu-Sky Search (Paras) spectrograph integrated with a 1.2m telescope at PRL’s Gurushikar Observatory in Mount Abu.
After watching the planet for more than a year, the team led by Professor Abhijit Chakraborty came up with the deductions, the details of which will appear in the June issue of the Astronomical Journal of the American Astronomical Society. -GoTop
16. Managing Drones for NASA, Parimal Kopardekar Named Finalist for Sammies People’s Choice Award: Bharatiya American senior technologist for NASA’s Air Transportation System Parimal Kopardekar was named to the top 12 of the 2018 Sammies People’s Choice Award competition. Parimal Kopardekar was selected as one of the top 12 finalists for the 2018 Sammies People’s Choice Award by the Samuel J. Heyman Service to America Medals on June 1. Kopardekar is also a principal investigator of the Unmanned Aircraft System Traffic Management at the Moffett Field, Calif.-based NASA Ames Research Center. The Bharatiya American was named a finalist in the Promising Innovation category. From a $5,000 workshop, he created a program with an $18 million annual budget, and has set the stage for an entire new era in unmanned aviation and the potential to unleash a multibillion dollar U.S. industry. -GoTop
17. A Wild Card Triumph: Karthik Nemmani Wins Scripps National Spelling Bee: 14-year-old Karthik Nemmani outlasted better-known spellers May 31 and became the champion after a dramatically abrupt end to the competition, when 12-year-old Naysa Modi misspelled the word “Bewusstseinslage” in the first championship round. Karthik had to spell two words correctly to seal the title, which he did with ease, and the lanky, soft-spoken Texan stepped back and smiled as he was showered with confetti. His winning word was “koinonia,” which means Christian fellowship or communion. Karthik is from McKinney, Texas, and Naysa lives in Frisco, Texas — both suburbs of Dallas — and Naysa topped Karthik at their county bee. “She’s a really, really good speller. She deserved the trophy as much as I did,” Karthik said. “I got lucky.”All three top finishers were from the Dallas area and all three are Bharatiya American. Karthik is the 14th consecutive Bharatiya American champion, and 19 of the past 23 winners have been Bharatiya American.
In addition to the trophy, he gets more than $40,000 in cash and prizes.-GoTop
18. BHARAT’S FIRST NATIONAL SPORTS UNIVERSITY TO BE SET UP IN MANIPUR: The Union Cabinet, on May 23, approved an ordinance to set up the country’s first national sports university in Imphal. The President of Bharat has given his assent to this decision.
For setting up the university, 325.90 acres of land has been made available by the Government of Manipur in the west Imphal district of Koutruk.
The proposal was formally announced by the finance minister in his budget speech of 2014-15 in 2014. For setting up the university, 325.90 acres of land has been made available by the Government of Manipur in the west Imphal district of Koutruk. “The University would provide a boost to sports activities in the country, and also improve the country’s sports performance at the national and international levels. The proposed University has also considerable employment generation potential.” -GoTop
19. BHARAT successfully test-fires indigenously developed nuclear capable Ballistic missile Agni-5: Bharat successfully test-fired its indigenously developed nuclear capable Long Range Ballistic Missile, Agni-5 from the -GoTop
20. RSS Swayamsevaks in relief and rescue activities during Mekunu Cyclone in Mangaluru, Udupi: Incessant rains in Mangaluru and surrounding areas, owing to the Mekunu Cyclone days have inundated most of the areas throwing normal life out of gear. Hundreds of houses in low lying areas were under 3-4 feet water on 29th May. -GoTop
21. SHRI VISHWA NIKETAN: Pravas: Visitors: Pravin Dhir - USA
FOOD FOR THOUGHT: He (a swayamsevak) is not like an ochre-robed monk. He does not proclaim, ‘I make no distinction between gold and mud.’ He knows the difference quite well, but he is not enamoured of the glitter of gold. He willingly says, ‘The gold is for the society. I shall be content with mud.’ He painstakingly churns milk and extracts butter. He knows the difference between butter and butter-milk; and yet he prefers the latter for himself and willingly offers the butter to society. It is only such a worker who can render true service and also inspire the spirit of sacrifice in the people.” Doctor Keshav Baliram Hedgewar.-GoTop
JAI SHREE RAM
SHRI VISHWA NIKETAN